MRSA stands for Methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. This bacterium is characterized as a super bug bacteria because its strains are highly resistant to many known antibiotics. It is responsible for the MRSA infection which typically occurs in different parts of the body. The infection mostly occurs in areas that have body hairs such as armpit. It is characterized by spots that look like a sore, boil, pimple or a spider bite. Many people have these bacteria on their bodies with no ill-effects. However, when not treated promptly, the infection rapidly grows and worsens over time causing a tender and painful feeling.
Forms of MRSA Infection
The MRSA has been around for several years. It used to be majorly found in people who have been in the hospital settings. Thus, it was referred to as Health care-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA). However, recently, it has become predominant in non-health care settings and the wider community. This form of MRSA infection is called Community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA).
Causes of MRSA Infection
MRSA is primarily transmitted through direct contact with an infected person. The infection can also be gotten through contact with an object that has been used by an infected person.
Effects of MRSA Infection
MRSA infections are rarely life-threatening in healthy individuals. Typically, the most chronic effects of the infection range from infected wounds to pneumonia. However, due to increasing robust strains of MRSA, medical experts are wary of the potentials of the infection on human beings.
Symptoms of MRSA Infection
These may include:
- Swollen and painful red bumps characterized by a yellow or white center
- Tenderness and warmth of the affected area
- Pus may drain from the affected spot
Treatment of MRSA Infection
MRSA is resistant to a lot of antibiotics. However, it can be treated effectively with proper alternative antibiotics. This may sometimes be accompanied by the doctor incising, draining and cleaning the infected area.
Prevention of MRSA Infection
To protect yourself from being infected by MRSA, we advise that you follow these simple measures:
- Do not share your personal items with anybody, especially those things that come into close contact with your skin such as comb, razor, towel, etc.
- Always keep your wound clean and covered.
- Maintain good hygienic practices such as hand-washing and regularly washing of your linens.